Button dropdowns work with buttons of all sizes.

<!-- Large button group -->
<div class="btn-group">
  <button class="btn btn-default btn-lg dropdown-toggle" type="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
    Large button <span class="caret"></span>
  </button>
  <ul class="dropdown-menu">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>

<!-- Small button group -->
<div class="btn-group">
  <button class="btn btn-default btn-sm dropdown-toggle" type="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
    Small button <span class="caret"></span>
  </button>
  <ul class="dropdown-menu">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>

<!-- Extra small button group -->
<div class="btn-group">
  <button class="btn btn-default btn-xs dropdown-toggle" type="button" data-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">
    Extra small button <span class="caret"></span>
  </button>
  <ul class="dropdown-menu">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>